Renovation of the Indian education system was long due. Demand for a change was being raised since the past few decades. It was in 2020, when the government came up with the National Education Policy that aimed at addressing the loopholes of the existing education system and getting it updated. The new National Education Policy for teachers aims at picking students with an enthusiasm and aptitude for teaching. The learners and the teachers now have increased participation, and they can express themselves verbally and via print. It ensures affordable and quality education allowing for flexibility of language. Instead of an existing 10 + 2 system, it proposes a a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 pattern. It also calls for only 3 exams to be conducted in the classes 2, 5 and 8, with redesigned board exams for classes 10th and 12th. Coding will be introduced from class 6 onwards. However, the changes will take time to get implemented and replace the existing education system. Many Indian states have already started to embrace the changes proposed in the national education policy 2020.
Empowering the teachers through National Education Policy teacher training
The newly formed NEP 2020 insists on teachers having a central role to play. It also focuses on empowering the teachers. The new 4 year integrated B.Ed program is seen as a Paradigm shift by many as it will focus on teaching pedagogy parallel to the subject matter being taught in the colleges. A wider range of subjects with modifications in the pedagogy for the teachers is on its way. However, the Institutions will continue to offer the 2-year courses as well. The would-be teachers will also have other shorter teaching programs like BITES (Business and Information Technology Education), DIETs (District Institutes of Educational Training) etc to choose from. Promotion of the local arts, music, agriculture, business, sports, and other vocational learning areas will also be a driving factor in NEP 2020.
The new pattern is flexible in terms of pedagogy and strives at effectiveness in teaching. It provides more opportunities for self-improvement in teachers recognising their efforts and endeavours. Be it the Kothari Commission of 1996 or the NEP 2020, both acknowledge and address the role of a teacher. It advocates a merit-based tenure, relevant salary structures and promotion opportunities as per the performance of the teachers.
Raising the teaching standards through National Education Policy teaching strategies
As per the scores of a private organization’s surveys, TEI (Teacher’s Education Institute), 85% teachers failed to qualify CTET (Central Teacher’s Eligibility Test). This is the primary reason why it is necessary to attract enthusiastic and competent minds for teaching. The National Education Policy for teachers addresses the issues of aphorism and existing poor and uneven salary structure for the teachers. It should not be misinterpreted as something that condemns the teachers and their effort but as something that will help them improve. The teachers have to develop a research centric approach. Even the PhD entrants now need to opt for credit-based courses in Teaching/Education or Pedagogy with teaching experience gathered via teaching assistantship. Shorter post B.Ed. certification programs can ensure further growth opportunities for the learners.
TET (Teachers Eligibility Test) will be considered for teacher’s recruitment. Sharing of teachers across the various group of schools is also proposed to curb the shortage of teachers. This will be mostly done for the teachers of Arts, Vocational Learning and Classical Languages. The primary goal will be to hire local and eminent teachers or experts for traditional and local arts etc.
Creation of a NPST (National professional standards for teachers) is also proposed. Teacher’s Audit and performance appraisals will also be done regularly. School teachers and school principals have to go through CPT (Continuing Professional Development) modules.
ICT tools and digital classrooms
NEP teacher education has a huge emphasis on embracing technology in classroom and preparing future teachers. Structured digital management of vacancies and hiring of teachers will be introduced through the NEP 2020 and teaching modifications proposed in it. Various online and technological concepts will be introduced as per the NEP 2020.
The Essential Components in the National Education Policy for teachers include:
1) Flexibility of language for the early learners.
2) National Education policy teacher’s salary and recruitment related changes are expected to address many of the present issues.
3) TET will now be mandatory for the aspiring teachers. It was earlier being conducted in two stages, but now it has been divided into 4 stages. These stages are foundational, preparatory, middle and secondary.
4) NTA will be handed over the responsibility to conduct these exams. A demo or interview will follow once the candidate qualifies the TET exam.
5) B Ed will turn into an integrated 4 Year program. However, the existing 2 year program will also be offered to the students along with the other existing programs like DIETs etc.
The changes will inculcate a multidisciplinary thinking and the internships in schools will directly boost the experiential learning among the learners. Online upskilling and tech driven education will also be a part of the educational infrastructure in the future. However, it will take a lot of time probably more than a decade in fully implementing the National Education Policy for teachers and students 2020.
1) Will the existing B Ed structure change after the implementation of NEP2020?
Answer: The National Education Policy for teachers introduces a 4 year integrated B.Ed program. However, the programs offered at present including the 2-year B Ed course will also continue to exist.
2) What is the CPD module for teachers in NEP 2020?
Answer: CPD is an acronym for Continuous Professional Development. It calls for regular upgrading of skills in the professionals of a particular field. NEP 2020 aims at bringing the school teachers and school principals in this module.
3) What are the four new categories for TET after the implementation of NEP 2020?
Answer: Now the TET will be categorised as Fundamental, Preparatory, Middle and Secondary instead of the previous two categories.