The traditional pedagogical approach in a classroom is that the teacher leads the class and is the primary disseminator of information. In a flipped classroom the instructions are disseminated in a learner centric model and the teacher facilitates the discussions controlling the flow of discussion.
As per Bloom’s taxonomy illustrated below most basic work gets done in the classroom and the complex work is done individually, whereas in the flipped classroom the reverse applies.
The learner is asked to do basic work such as reading and understanding or memorising and the classroom time is used for exploring the topic in depth. This helps the students in many ways. Let us consider the benefits of the flipped classroom.
Though the benefits outweigh the drawbacks of flipped classrooms, they must be considered before deciding if you as a teacher would like to flip your classroom.
Many studies have been conducted to understand the impact of flipped classrooms on learning outcomes. There are many advocates of this method now. Most schools that claim to have adopted the open learning or alternate learning systems have adopted flipped classrooms. It is observed that flipped classrooms have maximum impact on learning when the class size is small and every learner gets to be an active participant in the activities being conducted. The understanding of the concept or the lesson is found to be very high and so is the retention.
How to flip a classroom?
There are simple steps to conduct a flipped classroom. Let’s see how to implement a flipped classroom.
Discussion and debates: Let the learners discuss the topic in depth and have a debate on the key learnings from the topic. Learners should be encouraged to articulate their understanding and thoughts and also logically defend their ideas then and there.
Peer learning: Learners can form small groups and instruct each other or it can be done in a one-on-one instruction session too. It is said that the best way to master a topic is to teach it. By teaching their peers the learner gets a clear understanding of the topic and the involvement in teaching ensures longer retention.
Applying the concept: Encourage the students to apply the concept in the classroom. They can seek feedback on their application from instructors or peers. This provides a larger platform for better learning and understanding of the topic.
Collaborative learning: Learners can collaborate to understand, analyse, evaluate and create. This would ensure greater engagement coupled with enhancement in collective intelligence.
Problem solving: Learners can use the classroom to solve problems. These could be small or large problems that could take up months of class work and provide solutions to a community, social, mobility or any other kind of problem.
The flipped classroom is here to stay. Are you ready for it? Go make learning fun!